• For a quick guide to other web-based resources scroll down or click here
  • For references used in the texts or to find further reading scroll down to the end or click here
  • For information on copyright click here


There are lots of web-based sources of information on wildlife sounds, this list does not even come close to covering them all - but here are some that I find useful - many of them contain their own links pages for onward connections. If you have one I should include (yours or another) please let me know

To get technical help and advice from other recordists:

The Yahoo! Nature recordists group is where I learned a lot of techniques: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/naturerecordists/

This group grew from the above but is focused only on sounds: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Naturerecording/

Professional Recordists with their own sites:

Martyn Stewart is a US based professional recordist with a great site: www.naturesound.org

Bernie Krause is a US based guru of wild sound recording and has written several books: www.wildsanctuary.com

Geoff Sample is a UK based professional and has produced several European bird sound guides: www.wildsong.co.uk

Chris Watson is the leading BBC wildlife sound recordist: www.chriswatson.net

Kevin Colver has produced several comprehensive US sound guides: 7loons.com

Lang Elliott has just started a new project: www.musicofnature.org

Rob Danielson is a US academic with a great teaching site with all sorts of technical advice:


Clubs and Associations:

The UK Wildlife Sound Recording Society: www.wildlife-sound.org

The US Nature Sounds Society: www.naturesounds.org

The French Sonature: association.sonatura.com

The Australian Wildlife Sound Recording Group: www.awsrg.org.au

The Dutch Birding Association: www.dutchbirding.nl

Collections etc useful as reference material:

The British Library Wildlife Sounds collection: www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelprestype/sound/wildsounds/wildlife.html

The Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology: macaulaylibrary.org

Two nice sites from N America which present sounds and analysis: birdvoices.net and boidnoise.org

Xeno-Canto a  project to collect all bird sounds from around the world: www.xeno-canto.org

A Belgian site: www.soundsnatural.be

A Finnish site: www.ksly.net

Another Finnish site (with English): www.virtual-bird.com

A Norwegian site: www.fuglar.no

A good collection from Latvia: www.putni.lv/index_balsis_eng.htm

The Bird Forum: www.birdforum.net

Switzerland and nearby:

One of the best websites I know: www.ornitho.ch

Bird sounds of Bourgogne: www.chants-oiseaux.fr

An Italian site: www.scricciolo.com/eurosongs/canti

A nice blog by an excellent Swiss recordist(e): www.audioblog.ch

Other Interesting sites:

An anthropological approach: www.abdn.ac.uk/birdsong/

Tawny Owls: www.godsownclay.com

A discography: aviandiscography.webs.com

Gianni Pavan is a Professor at the Universiti of Pavia, Italy, Centre for Interdisciplinary Bioacoustics and Env Research (CIBRA), he specialises in aquatic acoustics but with programmes in several areas, and has a website with good resources: www-3.unipv.it/cibra

Mark Brennan is a Canadian landscape artist specialising in wild scenery, he has recently turned to sounds as an additional way to breing nature to people and keeps an interesting blog: www.wildearthvoices.org

The London Sound Survey is an interesting project that contains both natural and anthropogenic sounds: www.soundsurvey.org.uk


The texts below are referred to in the site and are sources for further reading on the topics:

Bossus, A. & Charron, F. (2004) Guide des chants d'oiseaux d'Europe occidentale. Delachaux et Niestlé. 239pp. 2CDs.
Catchpole, C.K., & Slater, P.J.B. (1995) Bird Song, biological themes and variations. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. 248pp.
Constantine, M., et al (2006) The sound approach to birding. Lush,Poole,Dorset. 192pp. 3Cds.
Cramp et al (1977 - 1994) Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa - the Birds of the Western Palearctic. Oxford University Press. [A 9 Vol multi-author work edited by Cramp and Cramp and Perrins.]
Dowsett-LeMaire, F. (1979) The imitative range of the song of the Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris, with special reference to imitations of African birds. Ibis, 121. 453-468.
Gorman, G. (2004) Woodpeckers of Europe. Bruce Colman. Bucks. 192pp.
Jansen,J.J.F.J & Nap,W (2008) Identification of White-headed Long-tailed Bushtit and occurrence in the Netherlands. Dutch Birding 30:293-308.
Krause, B. (2002) Wild Soundscapes. Wilderness Press, Berkeley. 168pp. 1CD
Kroodsma, D. (2005) The Singing Life of Birds. Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston & New York. 482pp. 1CD
Maumary, L., Valloton, L., & Knaus, P. (2007) Les Oiseaux de Suisse. Station ornothologique Suisse, Sempach, et Nos Oiseaux, Montmollin. 848pp.
Marler, P. & Slabbekoorn, H. (2004) Nature's Music. The Science of Birdsong. Elsevier, Academic Press. USA. 513pp. 2CDs
Mulhauser, B. (2003) Survival of the Hazel Grouse Bonasia bonasia rupestris in the Jura Mountains: between board and lodging. Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci.Nat 126/2: 55-70
Mulhauser, B.& Zimmermann, J-L (2003) Recognition of male Hazel Grouse  Bonasia bonasia by their song. Bull.Soc.Neuchâteloise Sci.Nat. 126/2:107-119
Norberg, R.A. (1978)
Skull Asymmetry, Ear Structure and Function, and Auditory Localization in Tengmalm's Owl, Aegolius funereus (Linne). Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 1978 vol. 282 no. 991 325-410
North, M. & Simms, E. (1958) Witherby's Sound Guide to British Birds. H.F.& G. Witherby Ltd. London. 104pp.
Sample, G (1996) Field Guide to Bird Songs and Calls of Britain and Northern Europe. 128pp. 2 CDs.
Sample, G (2003) Field Guide to Warbler Songs and Calls of Britain and Europe. Collins. 55pp. 3 CDs
Sample, G (2010)

Collins, Bird Songs and Calls. Harper Collins. London. 232pp.3CDs

Schmid,H.,Luder,R., Naef-Danzer,B., Graf,R., & Zbinden,N. (1998)

Atlas des oiseaux nicheurs de Suisse. Station ornothologique. Sempach. 574pp.

Voous, K.,and Cameron, A. (1988) Owls of the Northern Hemisphere. Collins. London. 320pp.


Please note that all the sounds and spectrograms on this site are coypright to Chris Hails, all photographs as marked are copyright to Arlette Berlie, both may only be used according to the creative commons license on this page. Anyone who would like high definition versions of the sound or images, or to use them commercially may contact us for permission.

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Wild Echoes nature sounds by Chris Hails is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
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